cmd is the short form of the command-line interface or MS-DOS or Command Prompt. The
cd command is one of the most popular commands used in Windows, Linux, and MacOSX operating systems. The
cd command is the short form of the
change directory . As its name suggests the cd command is used to change the current working directory via the command-line interface.
Open CMD (Command Prompt or MS-DOS)
cd command can be executed via a command-line interface like MS-DOS or cmd.exe. In order to run cd on cmd, the MS-DOS command prompt should be opened. MS-DOS can be opened in different ways but the easiest and practical way is using the
Start Menu . Just type
cmd to the start menu like below.
Alternatively the Windows run can be used to opend cmd. First press
WIN+R keys at the same time to open Windows run. Then type
cmd.exe and press enter to open Command Prompt.
cd Command Syntax
The cd command has the following simple syntax where the path we want to navigate can be provided as parameter.
- PATH is the directory path which is changed to. The PATH can be relative path or absolute path.
Print Current Working Directory
The cd command can be used to print
current working directory . The current working directory or CWD is the currently active path or used path. Without providing any parameter or option to the cd command the current working directory or path is displayed.
The main purpose of the cd command is changing the current working directory or current working path. To change the current directory the new path should be specified as parameter to the cd command. In the folllowing example we change directory to the
Change Directory Using Relative Path
The cd command can be used with the relative path. Relative path is provided according to the current working directory as the provided path information. In the following example the current working directory is
C:\Users\ismail and using the relative path
Downlaods we change the directory to the
Change Directory Using Absolute Path
The cd command can be used with the absolute path. The absolute path is specified by providing the complete path without relation with the current working directory etc. In the following example we navigate to the
Change Drive Letter (Partition)
The cd command can be used to change drive letter where the
C:\ is the default and most popular drive letter used in Windows. This can be also called as changing the partition. In the following exampl we change drive letter or partition to the