Windows Disk Management Tool

Windows operating systems provide the Disk Management tool which is used to create, delete, merge partitions, disks, and file systems. the Disk Management tool is first introduced in Windows XP as a replacement to the fdisk command. The fdisk command is a command-line tool that is not so much user-friendly. The later version of Windows like Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10 provided the Disk Management tool with improvement.

Disk Management Tool Features and Capabilities

The Disk Management tool provides a lot of features and capabilities related to disks, partitions, and file systems.

  • Add disk to the system
  • Remove disk from the system
  • Create partitions from disk
  • Delete partitions from disk
  • Open and read a disk or partition
  • Set and change drive letter and paths
  • Shrink volume
  • Extend volume
  • Add mirror
  • Delete volume
  • Properties
  • Activate partition
  • Deactivate partition
  • Show disk and partition information like layout, type, file system, status, capacity, free space, free percentage.

How To Open Disk Management Tool?

The Disk Management tool can be opened in different ways. First method is using the Start Menu where typing diskmgmt.msc

Disk Management Tool

Alternatively the Run can be used to open the Disk Management tool. First open the Run menu with the WIN+R key and then type diskmgmt.msc .

The third alternative is usin the Control Panel -> Administrative Tools -> Computer Management -> Disk Management .

Disk Management Tool GUI

The Disk Management tool GUI is like below. We can see that the disks are listed in the lower pane and called Disk0 or CD-ROM0 etc. Also, the disk partition is listed lower pane and in the main part of the screen with some useful information like below.

  • Volume is the volume name of the partition. This can be C: , D: or Disk 0 partition 1, etc.
  • The Layout is how the file system is the layout.
  • Type is the layout type which is basic or advanced
  • File System is the current file system of the partition
  • Status is basic health information like Healthy
  • Capacity is the total size of the partition
  • Free Space is the free space size of the partition
  • % Free is the free space percentage
Windows Disk Management Tool
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